This is the organisation and arrangement of various colours in an orderly or pleasant manner so that they portray unity and oneness. Colours used for a composition must ‘agree’ or meet the principles of aesthetics. The artist must carefully and skilfully choose his colour scheme or combinations. This is because a wrong pairing of them can disturb the design and general outlook of a composition. It can disrupt the aesthetic appeal of even a perfect creation and distract viewers.
Artists can learn from the splendid examples found in nature. A critical and deep observation and the meditation of things in nature such as the feathers of birds, accentuating hues of flowering plants, leaves, and so forth.
It is essential in various fields of study. In the food science sector, appetites of people toward food are increased using appealing colour combinations. For instance, orange carrots and green beans carefully sliced in interesting shapes on white rice shaped in love shape can be used to boost the appetite of patients and other individuals who cannot eat.
They are several forms of colour harmony. Examples have been explained below.
The term ‘monochrome’ means one colour. Therefore, monochromatic harmony deals with the use of varying tones of the same hue in painting a design. This may be the tints and shades of the same hue. For example, red, brown, pink are all obtained from one root colour which is red. Therefore when these colours are used side by side in a composition, they can create a pleasant colour harmony.
Analogous hues are those that are adjacent to each other or close in proximity to each other on the colour wheel. When these pigments are used side by side in a composition they form pleasant harmonies. Examples include yellow, yellow-orange and orange or blue, blue-green and green.
Complementary colours are those that lie directly opposite to each other on the colour wheel. These colours when combined in a scheme also create pleasant harmonies. Examples include yellow and violet, red and green, blue and orange.
A triad refers to three equidistant colours on the colour wheel. These hues have the same distances between each other on the colour wheel. For instance, if the distance is one colour step, to locate the other two colours, count one colour step to your left and right on the colour wheel. Examples of triad harmonies on the colour wheel include Red, yellow and blue (3-equidistant colour steps); Red-orange, Yellow-green and Blue-violet.
The selection and choice of colour harmony must be well thought of in advance or while the artistic creation is being undertaken. This would afford designers a great deal of time to come out with colours that can perfectly meet the ideals of harmony while attracting viewers and buyers.